Eyes are delicate and precious organs. In order to enjoy a life time of good vision, whatever your prescription, we must take Proper care & maintainance of our eyes. Here are some tips for maintaining good eye sight.
1. Get the Best Nutrients for Good Vision
Eating a well-balanced diet can keep our eyes healthy. Studies have shown that nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids, lutein, zinc,folic acid ,vitamin C, A and E are highly beneficial for the health of our eyes. Age-related vision problems such as macular degeneration and cataracts can be reduced to great extent by including these essential vitamins and nutrients in our daily diet.
Regular consumption of following foods can help to maintain good eye health.
Green, leafy vegetables such as spinach, kale, and collards
Salmon, tuna, and other oily fish
Eggs, nuts, beans and other non-meat protein sources
Oranges and other citrus fruits or juices
2. Quit the Habit of smoking for better eyesight
Smoking increases the risk of developing cataracts, macular degeneration and optic nerve damage. Quitting smoking will have a positive effect on you eye health, as well as your overall health.
3. Wear sunglasses for good vision
Wearing sunglasses prevents injury to the eyes, vision loss and potential blindness from eye trauma. The right kind of sunglasses help to protect our eyes from the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. Too much UV exposure increases the risk of getting cataracts and macular degeneration. While choosing sunglasses make sure that they block 99% to 100% of both UVA and UVB rays. Wraparound lenses help protect your eyes from the side. Polarized lenses work well to help reduce glare when driving.
Contact lens wearers have the option of using contact lenses that offer UV protection. There are two types available. One works for intense sun exposure, such as in the mountains or on the beach. UV protecting contacts are a reasonable option, but may not be a substitute for large wrap-around sunglasses. It is always best to wear sunglasses even if your contact lenses offer uv protection.
4. Use safety eyewear at home, at work, and while playing sports
If yo work with hazardous or airborne materials ,always try to wear safety glasses or protective goggles. Safety eye wear protects our eyes from injury, vision loss, and blindness. Certain sports such as ice hockey, squash, and lacrosse carry the risk for eye injury. By Wearing a protective face masks or sports goggles with polycarbonate lenses, eyes can be shielded from a flying puck, squash ball or swinging lacrosse stick.
5. Look away from the computer for good eye health
Computers have become the most indispensible piece of office equipment. A high usage of computers may result in, vision problems and disorders which are very common in today’s workplace. Computer vision syndrome (CVS) is a condition that occurs from frequent computer use. It can cause eyestrain, blurry vision, difficulty in focusing at a distance, dry eyes, headaches, neck, back, and shoulder pain etc.
Inorder to overcome these the following points can be taken into consideration:-
(a).Make sure that your glasses or contact lens prescription is up to date and adequate for computer use.
(b).Position your computer so that your eyes are level with the top of the monitor. This allows you to look slightly down at the screen.
(c).Try to avoid glare on your computer from windows and lights. Use an anti-glare screen if needed.
(d).Choose a comfortable, supportive chair. Position it so that your feet are flat on the floor.
(e).Remember to blink often, which can help prevent dry eyes.
(f).Rest your eyes by looking 20 feet away for 20 seconds every 20 minutes. Every two hours, get up and take a 15-minute break.
6. Visit an optician regularly
A regular, comprehensive eye examination can help to protect our sight and ensure that we are seeing at our best. Depending on our eye health, we can see either an optometrist or an ophthalmologist for a comprehensive eye exam. Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who specialise in eye care. They provide general vision care, treat eye diseases, and perform eye surgery. Optometrists have had four years of training after college. They provide eye care and treat some but not all eye diseases, but they do not perform eye surgery. As we age, the risk of getting eye diseases, such as glaucoma, macular degeneration and cataract increases which have no symptoms. So by having regular eye exam eye problems can be detected and treated at its earlier stages.
A comprehensive eye exam may include the following:
Personal and family medical history
Near and far vision tests to see if you have nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism (curvature of the cornea that causes blurred vision), or presbyopia (age-related vision changes)
Tests to see how well your eyes work together
Eye pressure and optic nerve tests to determine if you have glaucoma
External and microscopic examination of your eyes before and after dilation
You may have other tests as needed. For example, if you wear contact lenses, you may need additional procedures.
For more information you can also visit http://www.webmd.com/eye-health/good-eyesight